Dr. Yudkoff's research is focused on the use of stable isotopes to measure the rate of production of urea in humans who have a urea cycle defect, or a congenital inability to detoxify ammonia into urea.
The prevalence of autism spectrum disorders, or ASD, is staggering — an estimated 1 out of 88 children have some form of ASD. As the word “spectrum” in the name suggests, ASD varies in its range and severity among those affected.
Every year in the U.S., an estimated 2 million people suffer a traumatic brain injury (TBI), accounting for a major cause of disability across all age groups. Although 75 percent of reported TBI cases are milder forms such as concussion, even concussion may cause chronic neurological impairments, including cognitive, motor, and sleep problems.
Stem cells have the unique ability to develop, or differentiate, into other kinds of cells in the body. Researchers have now manipulated human stem cells so that they produce the types of brain cells that play important roles in neurodevelopmental disorders such as epilepsy, schizophrenia, and autism.
Research in the Yudkoff Lab focuses on the use of stable isotopes to measure the rate of production of urea in humans who have a urea cycle defect or a congenital inability to detoxify ammonia into urea.